Volume: 43 - Issue: 2, 6/29/22

Year: 2022

Natural Sciences

Cumhuriyet Science Journal is an official publication of Sivas Cumhuriyet University, Faculty of Science. The high-quality original research papers related to the natural sciences are published online four times a year. 

Cumhuriyet Science Journal presents papers that treat Biochemistry, Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, Molecular Biology and Genetics, Physics, Statistic.

***The scope and publication policy of our journal has been updated as above as of 06.10.2020

*** The CSJ aims to publish only Full Research Articles. Review style manuscripts are not accepted for evaluation.

Please, use the attached draft file during manuscript preparation. Click to download CSJ Draft File

Thank you for choosing to submit your paper to Cumhuriyet Science Journal. The following instructions will ensure we have everything required so your paper can move through pre-evaluating, peer review, production, and publication smoothly. Please take the time to read and follow them as closely as possible, as doing so will ensure your paper matches the journal's requirements.


Cumhuriyet Science Journal is an international, peer-reviewed, free-of-charge journal covering the full scope of natural sciences. Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript as online submission after registration to the Cumhuriyet Sciences Journal. Microsoft Word (.doc, .docx),  files can be submitted. There is no page limit. If there is a problem while uploading the files of the manuscript, please try to reduce their file size, especially manuscripts including embedded figures. Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted. The submitting author takes responsibility for the paper during submission and peer review. If for some technical reason submission through the online submission system is not possible, the author can contact csj@cumhuriyet.edu.tr for support.

Submission or processing charges

Cumhuriyet Science Journal does not charge any article submission, processing charges, and printing charges from the authors.

Terms of Submission

Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal. The submitting author is responsible for ensuring that the article's publication has been approved by all the other coauthors. It is also the authors' responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular institution are submitted with the approval of the necessary institution. Only an acknowledgment from the editorial office officially establishes the date of receipt. Further correspondence and proofs will be sent to the author(s) before publication unless otherwise indicated. It is a condition of submission of a paper that the corresponding author permits editing of the paper for readability. All inquiries concerning the publication of accepted papers should be addressed to csj@cumhuriyet.edu.tr. Please note that Cumhuriyet Science Journal uses iThenticate software to screen papers for unoriginal material. By submitting your paper to Cumhuriyet Science Journal are agreeing to any necessary originality checks your paper may have to undergo during the peer review and production processes. Upon receiving a new manuscript, the Editorial office conducts initial pre-refereeing checks to ensure the article is legible, complete, correctly formatted, original, within the scope of the journal in question, in the style of a scientific article, and written in clear English. Any article that has problems with any of the journal criteria may be rejected at this stage.

Peer Review

Cumhuriyet Science Journal operates a single-blind peer-review process, in which the reviewers know the identity of the authors, but the authors do not know the identity of the reviewers. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The author is required to upload the revised article to the system within 15 days by making the corrections suggested by the referee. The article will be rejected if there are no fixes in it. The editor is responsible for the final decision regarding the acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor's decision is final. 

Title and Authorship Information

The following information should be included

Paper title

Full author names

Full institutional mailing addresses

Corresponding address

Email address

Orchid numbers of all authors


The manuscript should contain an abstract.  The abstract should be self-contained and citation-free and should be 75-200 words. 


Keywords of the scientific articles should be selected from the web address of www.bilimadresleri.com


This section should be succinct, with no subheadings.

Materials and Methods

This part should contain sufficient detail so that all procedures can be repeated. It can be divided into subsections if required.

Conflicts of interest

Sample sentence if there is no conflict of interest: The authors stated that did not have a conflict of interest.


Sample sentences for acknowledgments: The work was supported by grants from CUBAP (T-11111). We would like to acknowledge   Prof. Mehmet Sözer, MD, for his precious technical and editorial assistance. We would like to thank

Conflicts of Interest

Sample sentences if there is no conflict of interest: The authors state that did not have a conflict of interests


References to cited literature should be identified by number in the text in square brackets and grouped at the end of the paper in numerical order of appearance. Each reference must be cited in the text.  Always give the inclusive page numbers for references to journal articles and a page range or chapter number for books. References should be styled and punctuated according to the following examples

References (Max.40) (times 12 bold) Journal name should be written in italics.

[1] Karaca E., Ulusoy S., Morgül Ü., Ulusoy H.I., Development of Analytical Method for Sensitive Determination of Streptozotocin based on Solid Phase Extraction, Cumhuriyet Sci. J., 41 (4) (2020) 826-831.
[2] Keskin B., Ozkan A.S., Inverse Spectral Problems for Dirac Operator with Eigenvalue Dependent Boundary and Jump Conditions, Acta Math. Hungar., 130 (2011) 150-159.
(for the book chapters)
[3] Mazur M.T., Kurman R.J., Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding. In: Mazur M.T., Kurman R.J., (Eds). Diagnosis of endometrial biopsies and curettings, A practical approach. 2nd ed. Berlin: Springer, (2005) 100-120.
(for the book)
[4] Mazur M.T., Kurman R.J., Diagnosis of endometrial biopsies and curettings, A practical approach. 2nd ed. Berlin, (2005) 100-120.
(for the websites)
[5] National Cancer Institute, Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results. Cancer of the Corpus and Uterus, NOS. Available at: http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/corp.html?statfacts_page=corp. Retrieved March 2, 2008.
[6] Surname N., Title of thesis, PD or master thesis, Name of university, name of institute, year.
(Abstracts in conferences are not accepted as a valid reference except full text
[7] Surname N., Title of full-text conference paper, name of conference, city, year, pages.

Preparation of Figures

The maximum number of figures, schemes, and tables should not exceed 10.

Each figure can be integrated into the paper body and should be cited in consecutive order. Figure widths can be 4-6 inches as 300 dpi. The labels of the figures should be clear and informative.  The name and the subtitles of the figures must be in 9-point font.

Preparation of Tables

Tables should be cited consecutively in the text. Every table must have a descriptive title and if numerical measurements are given, the units should be included in the column heading. Tables should be simple with simple borders and text are written as left text. The name and the subtitle of the tables must be in 9-point font


Corrected proofs must be returned to the publisher within 2 weeks of receipt. The publisher will do everything possible to ensure prompt publication. It will therefore be appreciated if the manuscripts and figures conform from the outset to the style of the journal.


 The content in Cumhuriyet Science Journal (CSJ) is protected by copyright. Copyright protection applies automatically to any original work as soon as it is written down or put into permanent or fixed form.  

CSJ is an open-access journal for all the articles published for free. When an author chooses to send their article to, their article is made free to read and reuse immediately upon publication under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 (CC BY NC ND) license.  

You are free to:
Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.
Under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
NonCommercial — You may not use the material for commercial purposes.
NoDerivatives — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.

No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.

Ethical Guidelines

New methods and ethically relevant aspects must be described in detail, bearing in mind the following:

Human Experiments. All work must be conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki (1964). Papers describing   experimental work on human subjects who carry a risk of harm must include:

A statement that the experiment was conducted with the understanding and the consent of the human subject.

A statement that the responsible Ethical Committee has approved the experiments.

Animal Experiments. Papers describing experiments on living animals should provide:

A full description of any anesthetic and surgical procedure used.

Evidence that all possible steps were taken to avoid animal suffering at each stage of the experiment. Papers describing experiments on isolated tissues must indicate precisely how the donor tissues were obtained.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be rejected that do not adhere to these guidelines.

The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file (Times New Roman) format.

Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.

The text is single-spaced; uses an 11-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Double-Blind Review have been followed.

Editorial Principles:


Cumhuriyet Science Journal is published by Cumhuriyet University, Faculty of Science, Sivas/Turkey.


Cumhuriyet Science Journal presents papers that treat Natural Sciences (Biochemistry, Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, Molecular Biology and Genetics, Physics, Statistics).

Quarterly (20 March, 20 June, 20 September, and 20 December)
Cumhuriyet Science Journal is a peer-reviewed academic journal that is published four times a year.

Review of Articles
Cumhuriyet Science Journal accepts paper submissions from researchers.
Articles submitted to Cumhuriyet Science Journal are first reviewed by the Editors in terms of the journal's publishing principles.
Those found unsuitable are returned to their authors for revision.

Academic objectivity and scientific quality are considered of paramount importance.

Submissions found suitable are referred to two referees working in relevant fields. The names of the referees are kept confidential and referee reports are archived for five years. If one of the referee reports is positive and the other is negative, the article may be forwarded to a third referee for further assessment or alternatively, the Editor may make a final decision based on the nature of the referee's reports. The authors are responsible for revising their articles in line with the criticism and suggestions made by the referees and the Editor. If they disagree with any issues, they may make an objection by providing clearly stated reasons.  

Language of Publication
The language of Cumhuriyet Science Journal is English.

Plagiarism Policy
All articles are checked by means of a program (Ithenticate) in order to confirm they are not published before and avoid plagiarism.

Open Access Policy
This journal provides immediate open access to its content based on the principle to make the research freely available to the public that supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.
Cumhuriyet Science Journal is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND)
The base URL for our repository: http://dergipark.ulakbim.gov.tr/api/public/oai/csj

Each issue is forwarded to libraries and international indexing institutions within one month after its publication.

Processing Charges
Cumhuriyet Science Journal does not charge any article submission, processing charges, and printing charges from the authors.

Preparation and Submissions
Submission to this journal proceeds totally online, via the submission page.
Submissions to Cumhuriyet Science Journal should be original articles evaluating previous studies in the field and should produce new and worthwhile ideas and perspectives
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Results should be clear and concise.
An article to be published in Cumhuriyet Science Journal should not have been previously published or accepted for publication elsewhere.
Publication Policy:

The publication process at Cumhuriyet Science Journal (CSJ) is the basis of the improvement and dissemination of information objectively and respectfully. Therefore, the procedures in this process improve the quality of manuscripts. Peer-reviewed studies are the ones that support and materialize the scientific method. At this point, all parties included in the publication process (authors, readers and researchers, publisher, reviewers, and editors) comply with the standards of ethical considerations. Cumhuriyet Science Journal (CSJ) expects all parties to hold the following ethical responsibilities. The following ethical duties and responsibilities are written in the light of the guide and policies made by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, and the publisher.

1. Publication and authorship:
· List of references, financial support;
· No plagiarism, no fraudulent data;
· Forbidden to publish same research in more than one journal.

2. Author’s responsibilities:
· Authors obliged to participate in the peer-review process;
· All authors have significantly contributed to the research;
· Statement that all data in article are real and authentic;
· All authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.

3. Peer review/responsibility for the reviewers:
· Judgments should be objective;
· Reviewers should have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the research funders;
· Reviewers should point out relevant published work which is not yet cited;
· Reviewed articles should be treated confidentially.

4. Editorial responsibilities:
· Editors have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article;
· Editors should have no conflict of interest with respect to articles they reject/accept;
· Only accept a paper when reasonably certain;
· When errors are found, promote the publication of correction or retraction;
· Preserve anonymity of reviewers.
· No plagiarism, no fraudulent data.

5. Publishing ethics issues
· Monitoring/safeguarding publishing ethics by editorial board;
· Guidelines for retracting articles;
· Maintain the integrity of the academic record;
· Preclude business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards;
· Always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.

Duties of the Publisher
Cumhuriyet Science Journal (CSJ) is committed to ensuring that commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. In addition, CSJ will assist in communications with other journals and/or publishers where this is useful to editors. Finally, we are working closely with other publishers and industry associations to set standards for best practices on ethical matters, errors, and retractions–and are prepared to provide specialized legal review and counsel if necessary.

Plagiarism Detection
Cumhuriyet Science Journal (CSJ) uses a single-blind review fulfilled by at least two reviewers. In addition, all articles are checked by means of a program (Ithenticate) in order to confirm they are not published before and avoid plagiarism. The peer-review process is at the heart of the success of scientific publishing. As part of our commitment to the protection and enhancement of the peer review process, CSJ has an obligation to assist the scientific community in all aspects of publishing ethics, especially in cases of (suspected) duplicate submission or plagiarism. When a reader discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in a paper published in Cumhuriyet Science Journal (CSJ) or has any other complaint about editorial content (plagiarism, duplicate papers, etc.), he/she should make a complaint by e-mail to: csj@cumhuriyet.edu.tr. We welcome complaints as they provide an opportunity for improvement, and we aim to respond quickly and constructively.

There is no charge for submitting , reviewing processes and publishing of a paper to the journal. CSJ is a totally free scientific journal for all user.