Research Article
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Investigation of Gamma Ray Buildup Factor for some Shielding Absorber

Year 2022, Volume 43, Issue 3, 520 - 525, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.17776/csj.1098571

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to observe and understand the processes by which gamma rays are attenuated in passing through absorber, and the effects of shielding geometry. Gamma ray linear attenuation coefficient, mass attenuation coefficient, mean free path, half value layer and buildup factor were evaluated for different absorbers, by using 60Co source with energy value 1.332 MeV. The linear attenuation coefficient of the absorber such as aluminium was (0.1485 cm-1), whereas it was observed (0.4359 cm-1) for iron, and stainless steel was (0.463 cm-1). The obtained results have been compared to the other absorbers. As a result of that, linear attenuation coefficient and the mass attenuation coefficient are higher for stainless steel and better radiation shielding compared with other absorbers. The results of theoretical and experimental for all parameters are a good agreement. Moreover, it is found that the buildup factor increases with thickness of the absorber increasing.

References

  • [1] Qadr, H. M., Pressure Effects on Stopping Power of Alpha Particles in Argon Gas, Physics of Particles and Nuclei Letters, 18(2) (2021) 185-189.
  • [2] Hiwa, M. Q., Stopping power of alpha particles in helium gas, Bulletin of the Moscow State Technical University. NE Bauman. Series "Natural Sciences", (2) (2020) 117-125.
  • [3] Qadr, H. M., Hamad, A. M., Using of Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter Code to Study of Radiation Damage in Materials, RENSIT 12(4) (2020) 451-456.
  • [4] Qadr, H. M., A molecular dynamics calculation to cascade damage processes, The Annals of “Dunarea de Jos” University of Galati. Fascicle IX, Metallurgy and Materials Science, 43(4) (2020) 13-16.
  • [5] Mohammad, Q., Maghdid, H., Alpha-particle stopping powers in air and argon, Journal of pure and applied physics, 5 (2017) 22-28.
  • [6] Knoll, G. F., Radiation detection and measurement, John Wiley & Sons2010.
  • [7] Sengupta, B., Generation and Modeling of Radiation for Clinical and Research Applications, (2019).
  • [8] Qadr, H. M., Proportional Counter in X-Ray Fluorescence, Aksaray University Journal of Science and Engineering, 5(1) (2021) 1-7.
  • [9] Qadr, H. M., Mamand, D., A Review on DPA for computing radiation damage simulation, Journal of Physical Chemistry and Functional Materials, 5(1) (2022) 30-36.
  • [10] Hamad, A. M., Qadr, H. M., Gamma-Rays Spectroscopy by Using a Thallium Activated Sodium Iodide NaI (Ti), Eurasian Journal of Science and Engineering, 4(1) (2018) 99-111.
  • [11] Qadr, H. M., Comparison of energy resolution and efficiency of NaI (TI) and HPGe detector using gamma-ray spectroscopy, Journal of Physical Chemistry and Functional Materials, 3(1) (2020) 24-27.
  • [12] Parks, J. E., The Compton effect-Compton scattering and gamma ray spectroscopy, Department of Physics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (2009) 37.
  • [13] Bergstrom Jr, P., Surić, T., Pisk, K., Pratt, R., Compton scattering of photons from bound electrons: full relativistic independent-particle-approximation calculations, Physical Review A, 48(2) (1993) 1134.
  • [14] Xiong, M., Activity Estimation Method of Linear Gamma-Ray Source under Shield Based on Single Compton Scattering, Open Access Library Journal, 7(07) (2020) 1.
  • [15] Qadr, H. M., Experimental Study of the Pressure Effects on Stopping Power for Alpha Particles in Air, Gazi University Journal of Science, (2022) 272-279.
  • [16] Qadr, H., Effect of Ion Irradiation on the Mechanical Properties of High and Low Copper, Atom Indonesia, 46(1) (2020) 47-51.
  • [17] Tekin, H. O., Manici, T., Simulations of mass attenuation coefficients for shielding materials using the MCNP-X code, Nuclear Science and Techniques, 28(7) (2017) 1-4.
  • [18] Alavian, H., Tavakoli-Anbaran, H., Comparative study of mass attenuation coefficients for LDPE/metal oxide composites by Monte Carlo simulations, The European Physical Journal Plus, 135(1) (2020) 82.
  • [19] Sayyed, M., Agar, O., Kumar, A., Tekin, H., Gaikwad, D., Obaid, S. S., Shielding behaviour of (20+ x) Bi2O3–20BaO–10Na2O–10MgO–(40-x) B2O3: an experimental and Monte Carlo study, Chemical Physics, 529 (2020) 110571.

Year 2022, Volume 43, Issue 3, 520 - 525, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.17776/csj.1098571

Abstract

References

  • [1] Qadr, H. M., Pressure Effects on Stopping Power of Alpha Particles in Argon Gas, Physics of Particles and Nuclei Letters, 18(2) (2021) 185-189.
  • [2] Hiwa, M. Q., Stopping power of alpha particles in helium gas, Bulletin of the Moscow State Technical University. NE Bauman. Series "Natural Sciences", (2) (2020) 117-125.
  • [3] Qadr, H. M., Hamad, A. M., Using of Stopping and Range of Ions in Matter Code to Study of Radiation Damage in Materials, RENSIT 12(4) (2020) 451-456.
  • [4] Qadr, H. M., A molecular dynamics calculation to cascade damage processes, The Annals of “Dunarea de Jos” University of Galati. Fascicle IX, Metallurgy and Materials Science, 43(4) (2020) 13-16.
  • [5] Mohammad, Q., Maghdid, H., Alpha-particle stopping powers in air and argon, Journal of pure and applied physics, 5 (2017) 22-28.
  • [6] Knoll, G. F., Radiation detection and measurement, John Wiley & Sons2010.
  • [7] Sengupta, B., Generation and Modeling of Radiation for Clinical and Research Applications, (2019).
  • [8] Qadr, H. M., Proportional Counter in X-Ray Fluorescence, Aksaray University Journal of Science and Engineering, 5(1) (2021) 1-7.
  • [9] Qadr, H. M., Mamand, D., A Review on DPA for computing radiation damage simulation, Journal of Physical Chemistry and Functional Materials, 5(1) (2022) 30-36.
  • [10] Hamad, A. M., Qadr, H. M., Gamma-Rays Spectroscopy by Using a Thallium Activated Sodium Iodide NaI (Ti), Eurasian Journal of Science and Engineering, 4(1) (2018) 99-111.
  • [11] Qadr, H. M., Comparison of energy resolution and efficiency of NaI (TI) and HPGe detector using gamma-ray spectroscopy, Journal of Physical Chemistry and Functional Materials, 3(1) (2020) 24-27.
  • [12] Parks, J. E., The Compton effect-Compton scattering and gamma ray spectroscopy, Department of Physics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (2009) 37.
  • [13] Bergstrom Jr, P., Surić, T., Pisk, K., Pratt, R., Compton scattering of photons from bound electrons: full relativistic independent-particle-approximation calculations, Physical Review A, 48(2) (1993) 1134.
  • [14] Xiong, M., Activity Estimation Method of Linear Gamma-Ray Source under Shield Based on Single Compton Scattering, Open Access Library Journal, 7(07) (2020) 1.
  • [15] Qadr, H. M., Experimental Study of the Pressure Effects on Stopping Power for Alpha Particles in Air, Gazi University Journal of Science, (2022) 272-279.
  • [16] Qadr, H., Effect of Ion Irradiation on the Mechanical Properties of High and Low Copper, Atom Indonesia, 46(1) (2020) 47-51.
  • [17] Tekin, H. O., Manici, T., Simulations of mass attenuation coefficients for shielding materials using the MCNP-X code, Nuclear Science and Techniques, 28(7) (2017) 1-4.
  • [18] Alavian, H., Tavakoli-Anbaran, H., Comparative study of mass attenuation coefficients for LDPE/metal oxide composites by Monte Carlo simulations, The European Physical Journal Plus, 135(1) (2020) 82.
  • [19] Sayyed, M., Agar, O., Kumar, A., Tekin, H., Gaikwad, D., Obaid, S. S., Shielding behaviour of (20+ x) Bi2O3–20BaO–10Na2O–10MgO–(40-x) B2O3: an experimental and Monte Carlo study, Chemical Physics, 529 (2020) 110571.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Physics, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Natural Sciences
Authors

Hiwa Mohammad QADR> (Primary Author)
University of Raparin
0000-0001-5585-3260
Iraq

Publication Date September 30, 2022
Application Date April 4, 2022
Acceptance Date August 6, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 43, Issue 3

Cite

APA Qadr, H. M. (2022). Investigation of Gamma Ray Buildup Factor for some Shielding Absorber . Cumhuriyet Science Journal , 43 (3) , 520-525 . DOI: 10.17776/csj.1098571