Research Article
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Fatty Acid Composition of Seed Oil from Cocklebur (Xantium Strumarium Subsp. Strumarium) Grown in Turkey

Year 2022, Volume 43, Issue 3, 379 - 383, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.17776/csj.984200

Abstract

Vegetable oils are not only used for human consumption but also used for industrial purposes (soaps, biodiesel, painting, cosmetics, etc.). One of the most important criteria in determining the usage areas of vegetable oils is the fatty acid composition it contains. Turkey supplies its edible oil needs with both seed and vegetable oil imports. To meet this vegetable oil need of Turkey, vegetable oils obtained from different plants are of great importance. This study, it was aimed to determine the oil content, fatty acid composition, and some properties of cocklebur (Xantium strumarium subsp. strumarium) seeds collected from the natural area. 100 fruit weight (g), seed weight (g), and hull ratio (%) were determined as 32.23±2.66, 7.17±0.99, and 77.70±2.84, respectively. Cocklebur seeds contain 24.19% seed oil. Its oil is rich in linoleic (%76.97) and oleic (%11.91) acids. 

References

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  • [22] Ergen Y., Saglam C., Yield and Yield Characters of Differrent Confectionery Sunflower Varieties in Conditions of Tekirdag, J. Tekirdag Agric. Fac., 2 (3) (2005) 221-227.
  • [23] Baydar H., Bitkilerde Yağ Sentezi, Kalitesi ve Kaliteyi Artırmada Islahın Önemi, Ekin, 11 (2000) 50-57.
  • [24] Nas S., Gökalp H.Y., Unsal M., Bitkisel Yağ Teknolojisi, Denizli: Pamukkale Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Ders Kitapları, (2001).
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  • [26] Wilson R.F., H.R., Specht, J.E. (Ed), Seed Composition In: Boerma, Soybeans: Improvement, Production, and Uses, 3rd ed. , Madison: (2004) 621–677.
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  • [29] Anonymous, Flax-Lin Recolte. Available at: https://www.grainscanada.gc.ca/flax-lin/harvest-recolte/2016/hqf16-qrl16-en.htm Retrieved October 24, 2016.
  • [30] Lukonge E., Labuschagne M.T., Hugo A., The Evaluation of Oil and Fatty Acid Composition in Seed of Cotton Accessions from Various Countries, J. Sci. Food Agric., 87 (2007) 340–347.
  • [31] Baydar H., Erbaş S., 2014. Yağ Bitkileri Bilimi ve Teknolojisi. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Yayın No: 97 (ISBN: 978-9944-452-75-5)

Year 2022, Volume 43, Issue 3, 379 - 383, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.17776/csj.984200

Abstract

References

  • [1] Saygın S.D., Madenoğlu S., Erpul G., Türkiye’de Toprak Erozyonu ve Çölleşme, TÜRKTOB, 4(15) (2015) 64-69.
  • [2] Dong F., Gao X., Yu X., Long R., Driving Mechanisms and Peak Level of CO2 Emissions in China: Evidence from a Simultaneous Equation Model, Sustainability, 273 (2018) 3306-3317.
  • [3] Kyziol–Komosinska J., Rosik – Dulewska C., Dzieniszewska A., Pajak M., Low – Moor Peats as Biosorbents for Removal of Onionicdyes from Water, Fresenius Environ. Bull., 27(1) (2018) 6-20.
  • [4] Mancini M., Volpe M.L., Gatti B., Malik Y., Moreno A.C., Leskovar D., Cravero V., Characterization of Cardoon Accessions as Feedstock for Biodiesel Production, Fuel, 235 (2019) 1287-1293.
  • [5] Baydar H., Erbas S., Yağ Bitkileri Bilimi ve Teknolojisi. Isparta: S.D.U. Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları, (2014).
  • [6] Ardabili A.G., Farhoosh R.M., Khodaparast H., Chemical Composition and Physico Chemical Properties of Pumpkin Seeds (Cucurbita pepo subsp. pepo var styriaka) Grown in Iran, J. Agric. Sci. Technol., 13 (2011) 1053-1063.
  • [7] Eryılmaz T., Yesilyurt M.K., Cesur C., Gökdoğan O., Biodiesel Production Potential from Oil Seeds in Turkey, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 58 (2016) 842-851.
  • [8] Güner A., Aslan S., Ekim T., Vural M., Babaç M.T., Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). İstanbul: Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, (2012).
  • [9] Bozic D., Barac M., Saric-Krsmanovic M., Pavlovic D., Ritz C., Vrbnicanin S., Common Cocklebur (Xanthium strumarium) Response to Nicosulfuron. Not. Bot. Horti. Agrobot. Cluj Napoca., 43(1) (2015) 186–191.
  • [10] Arslan B., The Determination of Oil Content and Fatty Acid Compositions of Domestic and Exotic Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Genotypes and Their Interactions, Agronomy, 6 (2007) 415-420.
  • [11] Nagaraj G., Safflower Seed Composition and Oil Quality Review. III. International Safflower Conference, Beijing, (1993) 58–71.
  • [12] Bowles V., Mayerhofer G., Davis R., Good A.G., Hall J.C.A., Phylogenetic Investigation of Carthamus Combining Sequence and Microsatellite Data, Plant Syst. Evol., 287 (2010) 85–97.
  • [13] Haque M.E., Rahman S., Rahmatullah M., Jahan R., Evaluation of Anti-Hyperglycemic and Anti-Nociceptive Activity of Xanthium indicum Stem Extract in Swissalbino Mice, BMC Complement Altern. Med., 13 (2013) 296-300.
  • [14] Peng W., Ming O.L., Han P., Zhang O.Y., Jiang Y.P., Zheng C.J., Han T., Qin L.P., Anti-allergic Rhinitis Effect of Caffeoylxanthiazonoside Isolated from Fruits of Xanthium strumarium L. in Rodent Animals, Phytomedicine, 21 (2014) 824–829.
  • [15] Chen W.H., Liu W.J., Wang Y., Song X.P., Chen G.Y., A New Naphthoquinone and Other Antibacterial Constituents from the Roots of Xanthium sibiricum, Nat. Prod. Res., 29(8) (2015) 739–744.
  • [16] Orhan I.E., Senol F.S., Ozturk N., Celik S.A., Kan A.P.Y., Phytochemical Contents and Enzyme Inhibitory and Antioxidant Properties of Anethum graveolens L. (dill) Samples Cultivated Under Organic and Conventional Agricultural Conditions, Food Chem. Toxicol., 59 (2013) 96-103.
  • [17] AOAC, Official Methods of Analysis of Association of Analytical Chemistry. 15th edn. Washington DC: (1990) 963.
  • [18] Ada R., Dimension, Geometric, Agricultural and Quality Characteristics of Safflower Seeds, Turkish J. Field Crop., 19 (1) (2014) 7-12.
  • [19] Kıllı F., Kanar Y., Tekeli F., Evaluation of Seed and Oil Yield with Some Yield Components of Safflower Varieties in Kahramanmaras (Turkey) Conditions. Int. J. Environ., 7 (2) (2016) 136-140.
  • [20] Demir I., Kara K., The Effect of Different Environmental Conditions on Yield and Oil Rates of Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.), Fresenius Environ. Bull., 27 (2) (2018) 989-995.
  • [21] Ahmad S., Environmental Effects on Seed Characteristics of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), J Agron Crop Sci., 187(3) (2001) 213-216.
  • [22] Ergen Y., Saglam C., Yield and Yield Characters of Differrent Confectionery Sunflower Varieties in Conditions of Tekirdag, J. Tekirdag Agric. Fac., 2 (3) (2005) 221-227.
  • [23] Baydar H., Bitkilerde Yağ Sentezi, Kalitesi ve Kaliteyi Artırmada Islahın Önemi, Ekin, 11 (2000) 50-57.
  • [24] Nas S., Gökalp H.Y., Unsal M., Bitkisel Yağ Teknolojisi, Denizli: Pamukkale Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi Ders Kitapları, (2001).
  • [25] Kurt O., Seyis F., Alternatif Yağ Bitkisi: Ketencik, J. of Fac. of Agric. OMU, 23 (2) (2008) 116-120.
  • [26] Wilson R.F., H.R., Specht, J.E. (Ed), Seed Composition In: Boerma, Soybeans: Improvement, Production, and Uses, 3rd ed. , Madison: (2004) 621–677.
  • [27] Salunkhe D.K., Chavan J.K., Adsule R.N., Kadam S.S., World Oilseeds: Chemistry, Technology, and Utilization. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold (1992).
  • [28] Panchenco A.Y., Sunflower Production and Breeding in the USSR. 2nd International Sunflower Conference, Manitoba, (1966) 15–29.
  • [29] Anonymous, Flax-Lin Recolte. Available at: https://www.grainscanada.gc.ca/flax-lin/harvest-recolte/2016/hqf16-qrl16-en.htm Retrieved October 24, 2016.
  • [30] Lukonge E., Labuschagne M.T., Hugo A., The Evaluation of Oil and Fatty Acid Composition in Seed of Cotton Accessions from Various Countries, J. Sci. Food Agric., 87 (2007) 340–347.
  • [31] Baydar H., Erbaş S., 2014. Yağ Bitkileri Bilimi ve Teknolojisi. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Yayın No: 97 (ISBN: 978-9944-452-75-5)

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biology, Ecology, Environmental Sciences
Journal Section Natural Sciences
Authors

Cuneyt CESUR>
KARAMANOGLU MEHMETBEY UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-1607-363X
Türkiye


Belgin COŞGE ŞENKAL>
BOZOK UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-7330-8098
Türkiye


Tansu USKUTOĞLU> (Primary Author)
Bozok Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi
0000-0001-6631-1723
Türkiye

Publication Date September 30, 2022
Application Date August 18, 2021
Acceptance Date June 4, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 43, Issue 3

Cite

APA Cesur, C. , Coşge Şenkal, B. & Uskutoğlu, T. (2022). Fatty Acid Composition of Seed Oil from Cocklebur (Xantium Strumarium Subsp. Strumarium) Grown in Turkey . Cumhuriyet Science Journal , 43 (3) , 379-383 . DOI: 10.17776/csj.984200