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Comparison of Oliver-Pharr and Work of Indentation Approach to Determine the Mechanical Properties of Melt-Spun Al-12%Wt.Si-0.5%Sb Alloy

Year 2022, Volume 43, Issue 3, 443 - 448, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.17776/csj.952416

Abstract

In this research, the hardness and reduced modulus of Al-%wt.12-%wt.0.5Sb melt-spun alloy were evaluated by using depth sensing indentation and atomic force microscopy techniques. We considered two approaches, Oliver-Pharr and Work of Indentation, to analyse the load-displacement curves. The ratio of final depth to maximum depth was found to be higher than the reported critical value of 0.70, which mean that pile-up was dominant in the melt-spun. A pile-up around the deformed surface was observed from atomic force microscope, which is consistent with the aferomentioned result. The hardness calculated by Oliver-Pharr method was higher than that calculated by Work of Indentation Approach. According to the results, Work of Indentation Approach was more reliable than the Oliver-Pharr approach because of reducing pile-up affect.  

References

  • [1] Choudhary C., Sahoo K.L., Mandal D., Processing and Characterisation of Modified Strain-Induced Melt Activation Processed Al–Si Alloys, Materials Science and Technology, 36 (2020) 181-193.
  • [2] Ahn S.S., Sharief P., Lee C.H., Son H.T., Kim Y.H., Kim Y.C., Hong S., Hong S.J., Effect of Trace Elements (Co, Cr) on the Microstructure and Physical Properties of Al-Si-Cu-Mg-Fe Extruded Alloy, Archives of Metallurgy and Materials, 64 (3) (2019) 857-862.
  • [3] Uzun O., Yilmaz F., Emeksiz C., Ergen S., Kolemen U., Correlation of Hardness and Silicon Morphology for Al-Si-Sb Alloy, Archives of Metallurgy and Materials, 63 (1) (2018) 467-472.
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  • [5] Qian L., Li M., Zhou Z., Yang H., Shi X., Comparison of Nano-Indentation Hardness to Microhardness, Surface and Coatings Technology, 195 (2005) 264-271.
  • [6] Ghorbal G.B., Tricoteaux A., Thuault A., Louis G., Chicot D., Comparison of Conventional Knoop and Vickers Hardness of Ceramic Materials, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 37 (2017) 2531-2535.
  • [7] Menčík J., Determination of mechanical properties by instrumented indentation, Meccanica, 42 (2007) 19-29.
  • [8] Guicciardi S., Balbo A., Sciti D., Melandri C., Pezzotti G., Nanoindentation Characterization of SiC-Based Ceramics, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 27 (2007) 1399-1404.
  • [9] Moharrami N., Bull S., A Comparison of Nanoindentation Pile-Up In Bulk Materials and Thin Films, Thin Solid Films, 572 (2014) 189-199.
  • [10] Oliver W.C., Pharr G.M., An Improved Technique For Determining Hardness and Elastic Modulus Using Load And Displacement Sensing Indentation Experiments, Journal of Materials Research, 7 (1992) 1564-1583.
  • [11] Stilwell N., Tabor D., Elastic Recovery of Conical Indentations, Proceedings of the Physical Society, 78 (2) (1961) 169.
  • [12] Sakai M., Energy Principle of The Indentation-Induced Inelastic Surface Deformation and Hardness of Brittle Materials, Acta Metallurgica et Materialia, 41 (1993) 1751-1758.
  • [13] Attaf M., New Ceramics Related Investigation of The Indentation Energy Concept, Materials Letters, 57 (2003) 4684-4693.
  • [14] Tuck J.R., Korsunsky A.M., Bull S.J., Davidson R.I., On The Application of The Work-Of-Indentation Approach to Depth-Sensing Indentation Experiments In Coated Systems, Surface and Coatings Technology, 137 (2001) 217-224.
  • [15] Beegan D., Chowdhury S., Laugier M., Work of Indentation Methods for Determining Copper Film Hardness, Surface and Coatings Technology, 192 (2005) 57-63.
  • [16] Mukhopadhyay N., Weatherly G., Embury J., An Analysis of Microhardness of Single-Quasicrystals In The Al–Cu–Co–Si System, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 315 (2001) 202-210.
  • [17] Birol Y., Microstructural Evolution During Annealing of a Rapidly Solidified Al–12Si Alloy, Journal of alloys and compounds, 439 (2007) 81-86.
  • [18] Riestra M., Ghassemali E., Bogdanoff T., Seifeddine S., Interactive Effects of Grain Refinement, Eutectic Modification and Solidification Rate on Tensile Properties of Al-10Si Alloy, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 703 (2017) 270-279.
  • [19] Bolshakov A., Pharr G., Influences Of Pile-up on The Measurement of Mechanical Properties by Load and Depth Sensing Indentation Techniques, Journal of Materials Research, 13 (1998) 1049-1058.
  • [20] Şahin O., Uzun O., Kölemen U., Uçar N., Mechanical Characterization for Β-Sn Single Crystals Using Nanoindentation Tests, Materials Characterization, 59 (2008) 427-434.
  • [21] Yilmaz F., Uzun O., Kolemen U., Kilicaslan M.F., Basman N., Ergen S., Ozturk K., Yanmaz E., Nanoindentation Study on Gd-Deposited YBaCuO Superconductor, Bulletin of Materials Science, 36 (2013) 1139-1145.
  • [22] Uzun O., Başman N., Alkan C., Kölemen U., Yılmaz F., Investigation of Mechanical and Creep Properties of Polypyrrole by Depth-Sensing Indentation, Polymer Bulletin, 66 (2011) 649-660.
  • [23] Nix W.D., Gao H., Indentation Size Effects In Crystalline Materials: A Law For Strain Gradient Plasticity, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 46 (1998) 411-425.
  • [24] Güçlü N., Kölemen U., Uzun O., Çelebi S., Work of Indentation Approach for Investigation of Mechanical Properties of YBCO Bulk Superconductor at Cryogenic Temperatures. Physica C: Superconductivity, 433 (2005) 115-122.

Year 2022, Volume 43, Issue 3, 443 - 448, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.17776/csj.952416

Abstract

References

  • [1] Choudhary C., Sahoo K.L., Mandal D., Processing and Characterisation of Modified Strain-Induced Melt Activation Processed Al–Si Alloys, Materials Science and Technology, 36 (2020) 181-193.
  • [2] Ahn S.S., Sharief P., Lee C.H., Son H.T., Kim Y.H., Kim Y.C., Hong S., Hong S.J., Effect of Trace Elements (Co, Cr) on the Microstructure and Physical Properties of Al-Si-Cu-Mg-Fe Extruded Alloy, Archives of Metallurgy and Materials, 64 (3) (2019) 857-862.
  • [3] Uzun O., Yilmaz F., Emeksiz C., Ergen S., Kolemen U., Correlation of Hardness and Silicon Morphology for Al-Si-Sb Alloy, Archives of Metallurgy and Materials, 63 (1) (2018) 467-472.
  • [4] Uzun O., Yılmaz F., Kölemen U., Başman N., Sb Effect on Micro Structural and Mechanical Properties of Rapidly Solidified Al–12Si Alloy, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509 (2011) 21-26.
  • [5] Qian L., Li M., Zhou Z., Yang H., Shi X., Comparison of Nano-Indentation Hardness to Microhardness, Surface and Coatings Technology, 195 (2005) 264-271.
  • [6] Ghorbal G.B., Tricoteaux A., Thuault A., Louis G., Chicot D., Comparison of Conventional Knoop and Vickers Hardness of Ceramic Materials, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 37 (2017) 2531-2535.
  • [7] Menčík J., Determination of mechanical properties by instrumented indentation, Meccanica, 42 (2007) 19-29.
  • [8] Guicciardi S., Balbo A., Sciti D., Melandri C., Pezzotti G., Nanoindentation Characterization of SiC-Based Ceramics, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 27 (2007) 1399-1404.
  • [9] Moharrami N., Bull S., A Comparison of Nanoindentation Pile-Up In Bulk Materials and Thin Films, Thin Solid Films, 572 (2014) 189-199.
  • [10] Oliver W.C., Pharr G.M., An Improved Technique For Determining Hardness and Elastic Modulus Using Load And Displacement Sensing Indentation Experiments, Journal of Materials Research, 7 (1992) 1564-1583.
  • [11] Stilwell N., Tabor D., Elastic Recovery of Conical Indentations, Proceedings of the Physical Society, 78 (2) (1961) 169.
  • [12] Sakai M., Energy Principle of The Indentation-Induced Inelastic Surface Deformation and Hardness of Brittle Materials, Acta Metallurgica et Materialia, 41 (1993) 1751-1758.
  • [13] Attaf M., New Ceramics Related Investigation of The Indentation Energy Concept, Materials Letters, 57 (2003) 4684-4693.
  • [14] Tuck J.R., Korsunsky A.M., Bull S.J., Davidson R.I., On The Application of The Work-Of-Indentation Approach to Depth-Sensing Indentation Experiments In Coated Systems, Surface and Coatings Technology, 137 (2001) 217-224.
  • [15] Beegan D., Chowdhury S., Laugier M., Work of Indentation Methods for Determining Copper Film Hardness, Surface and Coatings Technology, 192 (2005) 57-63.
  • [16] Mukhopadhyay N., Weatherly G., Embury J., An Analysis of Microhardness of Single-Quasicrystals In The Al–Cu–Co–Si System, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 315 (2001) 202-210.
  • [17] Birol Y., Microstructural Evolution During Annealing of a Rapidly Solidified Al–12Si Alloy, Journal of alloys and compounds, 439 (2007) 81-86.
  • [18] Riestra M., Ghassemali E., Bogdanoff T., Seifeddine S., Interactive Effects of Grain Refinement, Eutectic Modification and Solidification Rate on Tensile Properties of Al-10Si Alloy, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 703 (2017) 270-279.
  • [19] Bolshakov A., Pharr G., Influences Of Pile-up on The Measurement of Mechanical Properties by Load and Depth Sensing Indentation Techniques, Journal of Materials Research, 13 (1998) 1049-1058.
  • [20] Şahin O., Uzun O., Kölemen U., Uçar N., Mechanical Characterization for Β-Sn Single Crystals Using Nanoindentation Tests, Materials Characterization, 59 (2008) 427-434.
  • [21] Yilmaz F., Uzun O., Kolemen U., Kilicaslan M.F., Basman N., Ergen S., Ozturk K., Yanmaz E., Nanoindentation Study on Gd-Deposited YBaCuO Superconductor, Bulletin of Materials Science, 36 (2013) 1139-1145.
  • [22] Uzun O., Başman N., Alkan C., Kölemen U., Yılmaz F., Investigation of Mechanical and Creep Properties of Polypyrrole by Depth-Sensing Indentation, Polymer Bulletin, 66 (2011) 649-660.
  • [23] Nix W.D., Gao H., Indentation Size Effects In Crystalline Materials: A Law For Strain Gradient Plasticity, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 46 (1998) 411-425.
  • [24] Güçlü N., Kölemen U., Uzun O., Çelebi S., Work of Indentation Approach for Investigation of Mechanical Properties of YBCO Bulk Superconductor at Cryogenic Temperatures. Physica C: Superconductivity, 433 (2005) 115-122.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Natural Sciences
Authors

Fikret YILMAZ> (Primary Author)
TOKAT GAZİOSMANPAŞA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-1835-4961
Türkiye


Semra ERGEN>
TOKAT GAZİOSMANPAŞA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5515-0933
Türkiye

Publication Date September 30, 2022
Application Date June 14, 2021
Acceptance Date September 6, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 43, Issue 3

Cite

APA Yılmaz, F. & Ergen, S. (2022). Comparison of Oliver-Pharr and Work of Indentation Approach to Determine the Mechanical Properties of Melt-Spun Al-12%Wt.Si-0.5%Sb Alloy . Cumhuriyet Science Journal , 43 (3) , 443-448 . DOI: 10.17776/csj.952416